Morne Patterson — Understanding Bitcoin and How it Works

Morne Patterson
8 min readFeb 28, 2024

In 2008, Satoshi Nakamoto introduced Bitcoin to the world, an innovative cryptocurrency that has reshaped how many perceive and use money. This decentralised technology came without the need for banks or central authority, empowering individuals with the ability to transact directly and securely through the internet.

This article explores the workings of Bitcoin, exploring its key features, technological strengths and the challenges it brings to users and the global financial landscape. Stay tuned as we navigate through the complexities of Bitcoin’s robust system and its growing role in exchanges, cryptocurrency, and innovation.

How Bitcoin Works

Bitcoin operates on a decentralised and “trustless” system, which means that transactions can be made directly between users without the need for an intermediary, such as a bank. This is made possible through the use of blockchain technology, a distributed ledger that records all transactions across a network of computers. Here’s a closer look at how Bitcoin works:

· Decentralised Transactions: With Bitcoin, you can send and receive funds directly to and from anyone, anywhere in the world, without needing permission to create an account. This peer-to-peer system is powered by blockchain technology, which ensures security and transparency.

· Blockchain Technology: The Bitcoin blockchain is a public, distributed database that securely records and verifies all transactions using cryptography. Each transaction is added to a “block” and then linked to the previous block, forming a chain. This process is overseen by a decentralised network of computers, preventing manipulation or double processing.

· Bitcoin Mining: New bitcoins are created through a process called mining, where miners use powerful, specialised computers known as ASICs to solve complex mathematical problems. Successful miners are rewarded with new bitcoins, a process which not only introduces new bitcoins into circulation but also secures the network by verifying transactions. Learn more about Bitcoin mining

Additionally, Bitcoin’s value is derived from several key features, including its scarcity (there will only ever be 21 million bitcoins), durability, and divisibility, which make it a sought-after digital asset. Despite its volatility and lack of insurance, Bitcoin has gained popularity as a method of payment and investment, with many merchants, retailers, and stores accepting it as a form of payment. For those interested in purchasing Bitcoin, various cryptocurrency exchanges such as Coinbase provide a platform to do so.

Key Features and Benefits of Bitcoin

Bitcoin, the decentralised cryptocurrency, has transformed the financial landscape with its unique features and benefits. As a peer-to-peer currency, it operates without a governing body, offering a new level of financial autonomy. Here are some of the key advantages:

· Decentralisation: Bitcoin’s lack of a central authority means it’s a currency by the people, for the people. Transactions are direct, eliminating the need for intermediaries and reducing potential fraud.

· Security: The cryptographic protocol and public database, known as the blockchain, ensure that transactions are secure and tamper-proof.

· Efficiency: With Bitcoin, international money transfers are faster and cheaper, providing immediate settlement without the high fees associated with traditional banks.

· Privacy: Bitcoin offers protection against identity theft and supports anonymity when used correctly, giving users control over their personal information.

· Accessibility: All you need is an internet connection to participate in the Bitcoin network, making it globally accessible and ideal for users in regions with limited banking infrastructure.

· Transparency: The blockchain provides a transparent transaction history, allowing anyone to verify transactions, which promotes trust in the system.

Bitcoin’s innovative technology and its commitment to improving exchanges, cryptocurrency, and the broader scope of financial innovation make it an exciting development in the digital age. Its growing acceptance as a means of payment underscores its potential to offer financial freedom and stability on a global scale.

Challenges and Considerations for Bitcoin Users

Despite Bitcoin’s presence in the financial world, we as users face several hurdles that can’t be overlooked. One prominent issue is Bitcoin’s limited use as a payment method, which has seen a downtrend in daily transactions since 2020. This is partly due to its volatility, which makes it a risky choice for preserving value. Financial experts often regard Bitcoin more as a commodity than a currency because of this instability.

Bitcoin’s blockchain lacks the capability for built-in smart contracts, limiting its application in complex transactions like those found in decentralised finance (DeFi) and non-fungible tokens (NFTs). While Bitcoin’s transaction speed is slower than traditional debit and credit card transactions, solutions like the Lightning Network and RSK are in development to address this issue.

The real-world application in El Salvador, where Bitcoin was adopted as legal tender, demonstrates that its use for everyday transactions remains minimal. It’s primarily the educated and banked individuals who consistently use Bitcoin, which suggests a gap in accessibility and understanding.

Security concerns are large, with hacking incidents leading to investment losses on exchanges and mining operations. The unpredictable market behavior of Bitcoin, which some speculate could either soar to a million or plummet to zero, adds to the uncertainty and regulatory challenges. Furthermore, Bitcoin is treated as intangible property for tax purposes, complicating its use as everyday currency due to potential tax events with each transaction.

Lastly, the blockchain technology underpinning Bitcoin limits each block to 1 megabyte of data, which translates to a mere three transactions per second, causing delays as transaction volume increases. This, along with the nascent nature of cryptocurrency technology and its association with illicit activities from its early days, hinders mainstream adoption and leaves room for fraud within the market.

Bitcoin’s Value Proposition

Bitcoin’s value proposition is multifaceted, with several key aspects contributing to its appeal as a digital asset. Here’s a closer look at what sets it apart:

· Finite Supply: The cap of 21 million tokens establishes Bitcoin’s scarcity, likening it to digital gold. This scarcity is programmed into the blockchain protocol, ensuring that Bitcoin’s supply will never exceed this limit, making it a hedge against inflation [1, 2, 3].

· Halving Events: Approximately every four years, Bitcoin experiences a “Halving,” which cuts the reward for mining new blocks in half. This event reduces the rate at which new bitcoins are created and, over time, decreases the total number of bitcoins that will ever be in circulation, further underpinning its scarcity [2, 3].

· Ease of Transfer and Low Costs: Bitcoin allows for the easy transfer of funds across borders at a fraction of the cost compared to traditional banking systems, making it an efficient option for global transactions Gemini

· Decentralisation and Trust: The decentralised nature of the Bitcoin network means it operates without the influence of any single entity, reducing the risk of censorship or manipulation. Trust in the system is built on a foundation of transparency and verifiable transactions Investopedia

· Network Security and Integrity: Bitcoin’s blockchain is a secure and unalterable ledger that provides a single source of truth. This ensures data integrity and operational efficiency, particularly in cross-border transactions, where trust and security are paramount Global X ETFs

· Digital Store of Value: As a commodity-backed currency, Bitcoin serves as a store of value, a medium of exchange, and a unit of account. Its network not only reduces operational costs by eliminating intermediaries but also provides transparency and data integrity, making it a robust platform for financial innovation Emerald Insight

In essence, Bitcoin’s unique combination of scarcity, security, and decentralised trust contributes to its growing role as a valuable digital asset in today’s technology-driven economy.


Bitcoin has a decentralised structure, security via blockchain technology, and the economic potential it offers as a digital asset. Its unique characteristics not only challenge traditional financial systems but also provide users with greater autonomy and efficiency in transactions. While it faces hurdles such as volatility and scalability issues, Bitcoin remains a symbol of innovation within the digital currency landscape, its value underpinned by scarcity and a growing acceptance as a form of payment and investment.

Moving forward, Bitcoin’s influence on the financial sector and its potential to drive change cannot be understated, despite the ongoing dialogues around its practicality and regulatory frameworks. As technology and adaptation evolve, so too will Bitcoin’s role, inviting a future where its integration within the global economy may herald an era of more accessible and transparent financial systems. It stands as a testament to human ingenuity, with its broader implications yet to fully unfold in the global narrative of money and trade.


What is the current value of $1 in Bitcoin?The value of $1 in Bitcoin varies depending on the current market rate. To find the most accurate and up-to-date value, you should check a reliable financial news source or a cryptocurrency exchange.

Can you explain Bitcoin in simple terms?Bitcoin is a digital currency that operates independently of a central bank. It uses a decentralised network of computers to manage transactions and issue new bitcoins, which is done through a process called mining.

How can Bitcoin be a source of income?Bitcoin can generate income in several ways. Miners earn bitcoins by verifying transactions and adding them to the blockchain. Additionally, individuals can profit from trading bitcoins on cryptocurrency exchanges as the value fluctuates.

What could be the outcome of investing $100 in Bitcoin today?Investing $100 in Bitcoin today may not lead to immediate wealth but has the potential for long-term growth. However, the return on investment has historically decreased as Bitcoin’s market capitalisation has grown.

How much does $50 worth of Bitcoin translate to in US dollars?The US dollar equivalent of $50 in Bitcoin fluctuates based on the current exchange rate. To find out the exact amount, you would need to check the latest conversion rates on a cryptocurrency exchange.

Is Bitcoin a wise investment choice?Investing in Bitcoin is considered high risk due to its volatility. It is advisable only for those with a high risk tolerance, a stable financial situation, and the understanding that they could lose the money invested.

What are the steps for beginners to start with Bitcoin?To start investing in Bitcoin, follow these steps:

1. Join a Bitcoin exchange to make purchases.

2. Get a Bitcoin wallet to store your cryptocurrency.

3. Link your wallet to a bank account.

4. Place your order for Bitcoin.

5. Manage your Bitcoin investments carefully.

How can I convert my bitcoins into cash?To cash out Bitcoin, you can use cryptocurrency exchanges like Coinbase or Binance, linking your bank account for the transaction. Bitcoin ATMs also allow direct conversion to cash. Other methods include smaller exchanges and decentralised finance applications.

What amount will I receive if I invest $20 in Bitcoin?The amount of Bitcoin you will receive for $20 depends on the current exchange rate. To determine the exact amount, refer to a cryptocurrency exchange at the time of your investment.

What was the value of 1 Bitcoin five years ago?Five years ago, on April 12, 2016, the price of one Bitcoin was $426.84, according to historical data from Coindesk.



Morne Patterson

Morne Patterson is a positive, driven individual and considers himself to have good leadership skills. Visit:-